The Supreme Court and the Affordable Care Act
After the Affordable Care Act was enacted in March 2010, numerous lawsuits challenging several provisions of the landmark law were filed in the federal courts. Many of those cases were dismissed, but some federal appellate courts issued decisions on the merits of the law. In November 2011, the United States Supreme Court agreed to consider the constitutionality of two major provisions of the law: the individual mandate and the Medicaid expansion. The Court heard arguments on these issues on March 26-28, 2012. It upheld the law on June 28, 2012.
The resources listed below include:
- Talking Points
- Background Materials
- What's at Stake?
- Amicus Briefs
What's at Stake?
Dozens of amicus (“friend of the court”) briefs were filed in the case. Families USA has signed two amicus briefs.
- For more briefs, including the main briefs filed by the federal government, the state attorneys general and private parties opposing the law, and many amicus briefs, check the ACA Litigation Blog.
Lower Court Decisions
Four federal appellate courts have considered the merits of the Affordable Care Act.
- The Sixth Circuit and the DC Circuit upheld the law in its entirety.
- The Fourth Circuit dismissed a challenge as premature.
- The Eleventh Circuit struck down the individual responsibility provision but left the rest of the law in place. The decision of the Eleventh Circuit is under review by the U.S. Supreme Court.